Periodontal diseases are bacterial (microbial) infections that affect and destroy the tissues that surround and support the teeth (the periodontium). The tissues involved are the gum, the attachment fibers (ligament or desmodont) and the bone that supports the teeth.
Periodontal diseases represent, with dental caries, the main infections of the oral cavity.
Periodontal sanitation is a non-surgical procedure to control periodontal infection. It consists of a mechanical debridement of the bacterial biofilm, using ultrasound or curettes.
Periodontal sanitation procedures
- ECurettage / debridement of periodontal pockets using curettes and/or ultrasound
- EAntiseptic irrigation
- EAntifungal mouthwash if necessary